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Hysteroscopy for Removal of Uterine Polyp


 What is a hysteroscopy?
 When is it used?
 How do I prepare for this procedure?
 What happens during the procedure?
 What happens after the procedure?
 What are the risks of this procedure?

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What is a hysteroscopy?

Hysteroscopy is a procedure for looking at the inside of the uterus with a thin, flexible, lighted tube. The lighted tube is called a hysteroscope. The uterus (womb) is the muscular organ at the top of the vagina. Babies develop in the uterus, and menstrual blood comes from the uterus. Hysteroscopy is used to diagnose and treat problems inside the uterus or cervix.

When is it used?

Your provider may be able to use the hysteroscope to guide a tool into the uterus to remove a polyp. A polyp is a small growth inside the uterus that may cause abnormal bleeding, interfere with pregnancy, or become cancerous.

Instead of this procedure, other treatments or procedures may include:

Hysteroscopy is a quick procedure with a fast and easy recovery. In many cases, it can be done safely in your healthcare provider’s office. This procedure can help you avoid the discomfort, hospitalization, expense, and longer recovery of a hysterectomy.

You should not have this procedure if:

You may choose not to have treatment. Ask your healthcare provider about your choices for treatment and the risks.

How do I prepare for this procedure?

What happens during the procedure?

Hysteroscopy may be done in your healthcare provider's office, at a surgical center, or at the hospital.

You will be given local, regional, or general anesthesia to keep you from feeling pain. Local or regional anesthesia numbs part of your body while you stay awake. With local or regional anesthesia you may also be given medicine to help you relax. General anesthesia relaxes your muscles and you will be asleep.

Your healthcare provider may gently stretch open (dilate) your cervix using tools called cervical dilators. (The cervix is the opening to your uterus.) Your provider will guide the hysteroscope into your vagina, through the cervix, and into your uterus. Gas or fluid may be released through the scope to inflate your uterus. This helps your provider see inside the uterus better. Your provider will remove the polyp with special scissors, a laser, or another device that uses electricity.

What happens after the procedure?

After the procedure you may stay in a recovery area for at least a few hours and then usually you can go home.

After the procedure you may:

Ask your healthcare provider:

Make sure you know when you should come back for a checkup.

What are the risks of this procedure?

Hysteroscopy is a very safe procedure and rarely has complications. Your healthcare provider will explain the procedure and any risks. Some possible risks include:

There is risk with every treatment or procedure. Ask your healthcare provider how these risks apply to you. Be sure to discuss any other questions or concerns that you may have.

healthinformatics info

Reference Sources:

Baggish M. Operative Hysteroscopy. In: Rock, J. A. (2008). TeLinde’s Operative Gynecology (10th). Philadelphia, PA; Lippincott Williams & Wilkins . Retrieved November 10, 2011 from http://www.R2Library.com/marc_frame.aspx?ResourceID=1549.

Bradley, Linda D MD. Overview of Hysteroscopy. http://www.uptodate.com.

Hysteroscopy Visual Perspectives of Uterine Anatomy, Physiology, and Pathology. Michael S. Baggish, Rafael F. Valle, Hubert Guedj. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 2007.

Hysteroscopy. ACOG Technology Assessment in Obstetrics and Gynecology No. 4. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Obstet Gynecol 2005;106:439–42.


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Last Modified: 2012-01-11

Last Reviewed: 2011-11-30

Website Updated: March 2014

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This content is reviewed periodically and is subject to change as new health information becomes available. The information is intended to inform and educate and is not a replacement for medical evaluation, advice, diagnosis or treatment by a healthcare professional.


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