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Bruised Kneecap


 What is a bruised kneecap?
 What is the cause?
 What are the symptoms?
 How is it diagnosed?
 How is it treated?
 How can I take care of myself?
 How can I help prevent a bruised kneecap?

Bruised Knee (Patellar Contusion): Illustration
Bruised Knee (Patellar Contusion): IllustrationClick here to view a full size picture.

What is a bruised kneecap?

A bruise is an injury that causes bleeding under the skin that make it discolored. A bruised kneecap is discoloration around your kneecap (patella).

What is the cause?

A bruised kneecap usually happens from falling onto your knee or by being hit on the knee by an object.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms may include:

How is it diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms, activities, and medical history and examine you. You may have X-rays or other scans.

How is it treated?

While you are recovering from your injury, you may need to change your sport or activity to one that does not make your condition worse. For example, you may need to swim or bicycle instead of run.

Depending on the injury, your provider may tell you to use crutches until your knee heals.

Your healthcare provider may recommend stretching and strengthening exercises to help you heal.

The effects of a bruised kneecap may last several days or longer.

How can I take care of myself?

To help the swelling and pain:

Follow your healthcare provider's instructions, including doing exercises to help you recover. Ask your provider:

Make sure you know when you should come back for a checkup. Keep all appointments for provider visits or tests.

How can I help prevent a bruised kneecap?

Most bruised kneecaps are caused by accidents that cannot be prevented. Follow the safety rules for your work or sport and use protective equipment such as knee pads.

healthinformatics info

References

DeLee, Jesse C., David Drez, and Mark D. Miller, Orthopaedic Sports Medicine: Principles and Practice, Saunders; 3rd ed. 2009.

Greene, Walter B., M.D., Griffin, Letha Y. (Ed), Essentials of Musculoskeletal Care, 4th ed. Amer Academy of Orthopaedic. 2010.

Kisner, Carol, and Lynn Colby, Therapeutic Exercise: Foundations and Techniques, F. A. Davis Company; 6th ed, 2012.



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Last Modified: 2014-10-21

Last Reviewed: 2014-09-23

Website Updated: August 2015

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This content is reviewed periodically and is subject to change as new health information becomes available. The information is intended to inform and educate and is not a replacement for medical evaluation, advice, diagnosis or treatment by a healthcare professional.


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